1. The Principle of Motivated Interest

  • Naturally interested.
  • If not, create an artificial interest and enthusiasm.
  • When you begin to learn something about a new subject, chances are great that you will find it genuinely interesting.

  2. The Principle of Selectivity

  • Have the courage to select and reject.
  • By evaluating and judging this, you will be learning.
  • With practice you get better at this.
  • May go through a chapter twice.
  • First get main ideas.
  • Second time fill in the details to the framework.

  3. The Principle of Intention to Remember

  • Pay attention.
  • Get it right the first time
  • Understand before trying to remember.

  4. The Principle of Basic Backgrounds

  • Your professional life begins with your freshman courses.

  5. The Principle of Meaningful Organization

  • Use the category system.
  • General headings and sub headings.
  • Chunk information in groups of seven.
  • Magnetic centers - once you learn a word or fact, you will see it repeated.
  • Power of association - good background helps you see organization.

  6. The Principle of Recitation

  • Transfers information from short term to long term memory.
  • Saying aloud ideas you want to remember.

  7. The Principle of Consolidation

  • Hold ideas in mind for 4 or 5 seconds.
  • Review notes immediately after class.

  8. The Principle of Distributed Practice

  • It is best to have several short study sessions, rather than one long session.
  • Neural processes of learning continue to work during rest time.
    Holds both immediate and long term retention.
    • This will prevent fatigue.
    • You will be more motivated.
    • Practice, practice, practice.
    • Read, recite and review.

      9. The Principle of Metacognition

    • Monitor your progress!
      • Are you putting in enough time? 
      • Do you have clear goals?
      • Which are your hardest classes?  Easiest?
      • What are your current grades and your desired grades? 
      • What do you need to do to get your desired grades?
      • What do you know about your learning?